Verifying a BIND source tarball using cryptographic signatures
When downloading and compiling software, it's always a good idea to verify the integrity of the source files you obtain. Package handlers like
apt handle this automatically, but it must be done manually when you download software yourself.
ISC, the publisher of the BIND DNS server, provides cryptographic signatures with each release. If you have
gpg installed, you can use the signature to validate your downloaded
BIND tarball. ISC's download URLs follow a consistent naming pattern; simply change the version number in the URLs below to match the version you need.
Download the BIND source
[root@host /home/files]# wget https://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/9.11.4/bind-9.11.4.tar.gz `bind-9.11.4.tar.gz' saved [9621408/9621408]
Download the associated signature file
[root@host /home/files]# wget https://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/9.11.4/bind-9.11.4.tar.gz.sha256.asc `bind-9.11.4.tar.gz.sha256.asc' saved [873/873]
Download ISC's PGP signing key
This is the PGP public key ISC will use for signing in 2017 and 2018, it expires in February 2019. Future keys will appear here.
[root@host /home/files]# wget https://ftp.isc.org/isc/pgpkeys/codesign2017.txt `codesign2017.txt' saved [3187/3187]
Import ISC's key to your gpg keyring
[root@host /home/files]# gpg --import codesign2017.txt gpg: key 5CF02E57: public key "Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. (Signing key, 2017-2018) <email@example.com>" imported gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1 (RSA: 1)
Verify the tarball using the signature file
[root@host /home/files]# gpg --verify bind-9.11.4.tar.gz.sha256.asc bind-9.11.4.tar.gz gpg: Signature made Tue Jul 10 00:15:42 2018 EDT using RSA key ID 5CF02E57 gpg: Good signature from "Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. (Signing key, 2017-2018) <firstname.lastname@example.org>" gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: BE0E 9748 B718 253A 28BB 89FF F1B1 1BF0 5CF0 2E57
The particular warning message displayed here can be ignored; it just means that you haven't personally marked ISC's key as trusted in your keyring. What you're looking for is the "Good signature" output, which is present here, indicating that the file you downloaded matches the one on the remote site.
Updated July 30, 2018 to reference
BIND version 9.11.4.